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Launch Date:10.07.1992


The INSAT-2 series comprising of INSAT-2A, INSAT-2B, INSAT-2C,  INSAT-2D & INSAT-2E, were designed and built indigenously by ISRO. INSAT-2A, the first in the INSAT-2 series was a multi-purpose satellite for telecommunication, television broadcasting and meteorological services. It was launched successfully by Ariane-4 from Kourou, French Guiana on July 10, 1992. It carried 12 normal C band (for FSS), 6 extended C band (for FSS) & 2 S band (for BSS) Transponders. It also carried 1 Data relay Transponder, 1 SAR (Search and Rescue) transponder and a Very High Resolution Radiometer (VHRR) with 2km resolution in the visible band and 8km resolution in thermal infra-red and water vapour band for meteorological application.


Multi purpose Communication, meteorology and Satellite based search and rescue

Lift-off Mass

1906 kg with propellant 916 kg dry weight

Spacecraft Power

Solar Array: 1024 W


C, extended C and S band


3-axis body stabilized using bipropellant thrusters and momentum wheels/ reaction wheels, earth sensors, IRU & sun sensors


12 normal C Band, 6 Extended C Band, 2 S Band, 1 Data relay
Transponder, 1 SAR Transponder & VHRR

Launch date

July 10,1992

Launch site

French Guyana

Launch vehicle

Ariane 4


Geostationary 74oE longitude



Mission life

Seven years(nominal)

Orbital life

10 Years


First multipurpose satellite indigenously designed and built by ISRO




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