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Launch Date:07.06.1979


Bhaskara-1 was the first experimental remote sensing satellite built by India. 

The primary objectives of Bhaskara-1 mission:

1. To conduct earth observation experiments that would yield useful data in the areas of meteorology, hydrology and forestry using a two band TV camera system operating in Visible band (0.54 to 0.66 µm) and near infrared band (0.75 to 0.85 µm).  

2. To conduct ocean surface studies using a three chain radiometer operating at microwave frequencies.

3. To evolve the methodology of reception, processing and dissemination of data and thus establish management of earth natural resources through remote sensing satellites.

Mission Experimental Remote Sensing Satellite
Orbit Near Circular
Altitude 534 km
Orbit Inclination 50º  
Lift-off Mass 444 kg
Orbit Period 95.2 minutes
Local Time of Equator crossing -
Repetitivity -

TV Videocon Cameras:

 - Visible Band (0.54 – 0.66 µm)

 - IR Band (0.75 – 0.85 µm)

 - 1 km resolution

 - 340 km swath.

Satellite Microwave Radiometers (SAMIR) operating at 19.1, 19.6 and 22 GHz, providing spatial resolution of 150 km, 150 km and 230 km respectively.

Attitude and Orbit Control Spin Stabilisation
Power Solar Array generating 47 W backed by 10 AH Ni-Cd batteries
Launch date June 7, 1979
Launch site Volgograd Launch Station (presently in Russia)
Launch vehicle C-1 Intercosmos
Mission life One Year (Nominal)
Orbital life About 10 years ( Re-entered in 1989 )
    Site last updated: Monday 11 December 2017
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