Who is considered as the "founding father" of Indian Space Programme?

Dr Vikram A Sarabhai

Why was Thumba selected for being the rocket launching station ?

The geomagnetic equator of the earth passes over Thumba.

Name the first ever rocket launching station in the country?

Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala

 

Which was the rocket first launched from TERLS? When was it launched?

The first rocket launched from TERLS was the US made Nike-Apache. The launch took place on November 21, 1963.

How was the Space Centre at Thiruvananthapuram initially named?

Space Science and Technology Centre (SSTC).

When was Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) formed?

In July 1972, SSTC along with other space research establishments like Thumba Equatorial Launching Station (TERLS), Rocket Propellant Plant (RPP), Rocket Farication facility (RFF), Propellent Fuel Complex (PFC) and the Indian Scientific Satellite Project (ISSP), Bangalore came under the umbrella of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) in 1972 with Prof Brahm Prakash as its Director.

When was ISRO formed?

On August 15, 1969.

When was Department of Space and Space Commission constituted?

 In 1972. ISRO was brought under DOS on June 1, 1972.

Name the first Indian made rocket? When was it launched?

Sounding rocket, RH-75; Launched on November 20, 1967.

What does the letter 'RH' and the numerals on an Indian sounding rocket signify?

RH stands for 'Rohini' sounding rocket and the numeral indicate the diameter of the rocket.

 

What is a sounding rocket?

A sounding rocket is one which is intended for assessing the physical parameters of the upper atmosphere.

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Name the other Indian Sounding rockets?

Apart from RH-75, India has developed RH-100, RH-125, RH-200, RH-300, RH-300 Mk II, RH-560, RH-560 SV and Menaka.

Which are the other Centres of ISRO?

ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC) at Bangalore; Satish Dhawan Space Centre-SHAR at Srihaarikota, Andhrapradesh; Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre at Thiruvananthapuram and Bangalore; ISRO Propulsion Complex at Mahendragiri in Tamilnadu and Space Application Centre (SAC) at Ahmedabad.

What specialized work is carried out in each Centre?

Satellites are designed and developed at ISAC; Integration and launching of satellites are carried out at SDSC; Development of liquid stages including cryogenic stage is carried out at LPSC; testing of the liquid engines are carried out at IPRC and application aspects of the space technology are taken up at SAC, Ahmedabad.

Which is the spaceport of India?

SDSC-SHAR is the sole space port of ISRO. However sounding rockets are also launched from TERLS at Thiruvananthapuram.

 

Which is the first launch vehicle of India? When was it launched?

Satellite Launch Vehicle-3 (SLV3). The first successful launch of SLV3 took place on July 18, 1980 from SDSC SHAR.

Where are the other Centres located?

ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC), Bangalore; Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR; Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre at Thiruvananthapuram, Bangalore and Mahendragiri and Space Application Centre (SAC), Ahmedabad.

What specialized work of the organization is carried out in each Centre?

Satellites are designed and developed at ISAC; Integration and launching of satellites and launch vehicles are carried out from SDSC; Development of liquid stages including cryogenic stage is carried out at LPSC and application aspects of the space technology is taken up at SAC, Ahmedabad.

From where are the rockets launched?

ISRO's Launch facility is located at SDSC SHAR from where Launch Vehicles and Sounding Rockets are launched. Sounding rockets are launched from TERLS at Thiruvananthapuram.

Which is the first launch vehicle of India?

Satellite Launch Vehicle-3 (SLV-3) is the first launch vehicle of India.

 

When was it launched?

The first successful launch of SLV-3 took place on July 18, 1980 from SDSC SHAR.

 

What are the other launch vehicles developed by India?

Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle (ASLV), Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV).

Why does India still depend on other nations for launching its satellites?

Weight of communication satellites is of the order of 4000 kg. India has not developed launch vehicles capable of launching such heavy satellites into Geostationery Transfer Object. Therefore India is depending on other agencies for launching.

How satellites are broadly classified?

Satellites are broadly classified into two, viz., Communication satellites and Remote sensing satellites.

 

What is a communication satellite?

A communication satellite usually operates from the Geosynchronous orbit catering to requirements in communication, television broadcasting, meteorology, disaster warning etc.

What is a remote sensing satellite?

A remote sensing satellite is intended for resource monitoring and management and operates from a Sun Synchronous Polar Orbit (SSPO).

Which is the first Indian satellite? When was it launched?

Aryabhata ; Launched from Soviet Union on April 19, 1975

Which is the heaviest satellite launched by India from Indian soil?

EDUSAT-1 weighing 1950 kg and launched by GSLV-F01 on September 20, 2004.

How many launches of launch vehicles were carried out so far?

23 launch vehicle missions were carried from India so far till April 2007

 

How many satellites have been launched by India?

48 home made satellites and seven from other nations were put into orbit so far.

Which is the first operational launch vehicle of India?

PSLV, which has completed 26 operational flights and two developmental flights successfully.

What is Chandrayaan-1?

Chandrayaan-1 is a spacecraft intended for scientific investigation of the Moon. The name Chandrayaan denotes ‘Vehicle (yaan) to Moon (Chandra)’ in Indian languages (Sanskrit and Hindi). Chandrayaan-1 is the first Indian planetary science and exploration mission.

 

How long Chandrayaan-1 was operational?

Chandrayaan-1 was operational for 312 days till August 28, 2009.

When was TERLS dedicated to the United Nations?

On February 2,1968.

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