a sample photo

Latest Technologies

Know about the latest technologies

Rockets

Rockets are used to launch satellites into space. This technology includes the entire set of systems needed to successfully send a vehicle to space, which includes the propulsion systems, space materials, motors, propellants, electronics, software and all related control systems. There are ground stations also for controlling the rocket movement and receiving the signals from the moving rocket.

Space

In simple terms, Space is the vast region above Earth’s atmosphere. Rockets and satellites are used to study about space. The space technology thus encompasses rocket technology, satellite technology, related ground systems, deep space communication and a range of scientific applications

Solar sailing

Solar sailing is a revolutionary way of propelling a spacecraft through space. A slar sail spacecraft has large reflective sails that capture the momentum.

Cryogenics

The word “Cryo” means icy or ice cold. Cryogenics relates to the study of very low temperatures, how to produce them and how materials behave at these low temperatures. In space technology. A cryogenic rocket stage provides more thrust to the rocket, helping it to move forward faster.

Academic Project Work.


Know about all academic projects and details.

  • MTech/ME
  • Integrated Msc (Physics/Chemistry) &MSc(Physics/Chemistry/Meteorology/Space Science & Technology)
  • MPhil (Physics/Chemistry)
  • BTech

VSSC offers a limited number of opportunities for Academic Project Work (Main Project) to final year students undergoing the above courses

General Note

  • The number of students selected for project work may vary due to facility constraints. It is the prerogative of VSSC to accept/reject the application
  • On account of large number of applications normally received for project work, it may not be possible to accommodate all the applicants. Therefore, the students are advised to identify other organizations also as an alternative, in the event of their application not getting through in the selection process.
  • Dual degree project, Internship, Industrial Training, Summer Training, In-plant Training etc. are not entertained
  • Priority will be given to the wards of ISRO employees
  • No stipend/scholarship will be given during the project period

MTech/ME

  • Maximum duration allowed for the project work is 12 months.
  • Pre-requisite is 65% mark or equivalent CGPA in B Tech/ B E.
  • Students who intend to do project work should submit the application in the prescribed form duly filled in all respects and approved by Principal/HOD on or before the due date, as indicated below
  • Project Period Due Date to Receive Application Date of intimation of Projet Approval
    January-june 15 th November of previous year 15 th December of previous year
    July-December 15 th May of same year By 15th June of same year
  • A detailed Bio-data is also to be attached separately.
  • Decision on the acceptance/rejection of the application will be communicated to the college.
  • The application may be sent by post to Head, HRDD, VSSC, ISRO P.O, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 022 or the scanned copy of application may be mailed to [email protected]

Download Application Form

Integrated M Sc/ M Sc

  • Maximum duration allowed for the project work is 6 months
  • Pre-requisite is 65% mark or equivalent CGPA upto Semester 6 of Integrated M Sc/B Sc.
  • Students who intend to do project work should submit the application in the prescribed form duly filled in all respects and approved by Principal/HOD on or before the due date, as indicated below
  • Project Period Due Date to Receive Application Date of intimation of Projet Approval
    January-june 15 th November of previous year 15 th December of previous year
    July-December 15 th May of same year By 15th June of same year
  • A detailed bio-data is also to be attached seperately.
  • Decision on the acceptance/rejection of the application will be communicated to the college.
  • The application may be sent by post to Head, HRDD, VSSC, ISRO P.O, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 022 or the scanned copy of application may be mailed to [email protected]

Download Application Form

M Phil

  • Maximum duration allowed for the project work is 6 months .
  • Pre-requisite is 65% mark or equivalent CGPA in M Sc/ Integrated M.Sc.
  • Students who intend to do project work should submit the application in the prescribed form duly filled in all respects and approved by Principal/HOD on or before the due date, as indicated below
  • Project Period Due Date to Receive Application Date of Intimation of Project Approval
    January - June 15th November of previous year By 15th December of previous year
    July - December 15th May of same year By 15th June of same year
  • A detailed Bio-data is also to be attached separately
  • Decision on the acceptance/rejection of the application will be communicated to the college
  • The application may be sent by post to Head, HRDD, VSSC, ISRO P.O, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 022 or the scanned copy of application may be mailed to [email protected]

Download Application Form

BTech

  • Students studying in colleges within Kerala or from IITs/NITs only need to apply
  • The duration of the project work will be for 6 weeks consisting of 8 block periods annually viz.
  • Students who intend to do project work should submit the application in the prescribed form duly filled in all respects and approved by Principal/HOD on or before the due date, as indicated below
  • i) 01st Jan - 15th Feb ii) 16th Feb - 31st Mar
    iii) 01st Apr - 15th May iv) 16th May - 30th Jun
    v) 01st Jul - 15th Aug vi) 16th Aug - 30th Sept
    vii) 01st Oct - 15th Nov viii) 16th Nov - 31st Dec
  • The student can choose one out of eight block periods as given above.
  • Applicants (a group of maximum 4) must be from same branch, semester and college.
  • Each applicant should have an average minimum mark of 75% or equivalent CGPA for the first five semesters.
  • The application in the prescribed form completed in all respects by the applicants and duly approved by the Principal/HOD should be submitted at least one month before the block period
  • The application may be sent by post to Head, HRDD, VSSC, ISRO P.O, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 022 or the scanned copy of application may be mailed to [email protected]
  • Decision on the acceptance/rejection of the application will be communicated to the college or the contact person in VSSC (if any).

Download Application Form

Events for Students

VSSC offers following event for students .

World Space Week Celebration

World Space Week celebrations are organised every year from October 4 to 10. Each year, the celebration upholds a theme decided by the UN General Assembly.

VSSC, LPSC & IISU, the ISRO Centres in Thiruvananthapuram, jointly orgranise the WSW celebration to spread the message about the space technology and reach out to the student community in the State of Kerala.

Competitions, lectures and talk shows are arranged for the benefit of school, college students and general public.

You may visit https://wsweek.vssc.gov.in by the end of September every year to get updates about the celebrations planned.

Updates and glimpses of the previous years’ celebrations are updated in the Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/WorldSpaceWeek .

Space Museum Visit

VSSC Space Museum is in a majestic church building which was St Mary Magdalene church till the 1960’s. This place is considered as the birth place of Indian Space Programme. It was in this church that the first rocket systems were assembled and integrated. It has multifaceted roles in the beginning of ISRO by acting as the first lab and as the main office for scientists in the early days. It was converted to VSSC Space Museum in 1985.

The space museum premises showcase a full-scale model of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), its heat shield and the fourth stage solid motor of ASLV in the garden. The scaled down rocket models of PSLV, GSLV, GSLV Mk III and ATV are also erected in Space Museum premise.

This museum is open to public, who have to apply for a pass for the visit. Further details are available in the Space Museum website

Go to Space Museum website

Frequently Asked Questions

  • It is true that there is practically no air to be pushed back to get a force in the forward direction, as in the case of a boat. In rockets, the force is generated as the reaction to the mass expelled from the rocket engine itself at very high velocity. Hence no support from anything outside is required to sustain accelerated flight. Such systems are called reactive propulsion systems.

  • When an upper rocket stage has finished its operation, remaining fuel and batteries in it are discharged. This procedure is called passivation. This ensures that there is reduced risk even if the stages continue in orbit. Large stages, however re enter the atmosphere over the course of time and burn up . In some other cases upper stages are deliberately pushed back into the atmosphere to make up burned up. This process is often called de-boosting.

  • Contrary to what is often portrayed, there is no gold covering on the satellite. Those gold-colored foils are MLI – Multi layer insulation sheets which are used to for thermal protection as the satellite is exposed to extremes of temperatures while in orbit. The amber colored Kapton sheets over the silver aluminized mylar gives the gold color to MLI. It is primarily used to reduce radiative heat transfer between the satellite and deep space.

  • A black hole is an entity formed when a really huge star collapses, towards the end of its active life. Once its hydrogen fuel in a star is fully consumed, there is nothing to oppose its gravitational force and it implodes under its own weight. Everything around a black hole is sucked into it, like water is drawn to a hole on ground. The force of gravity in a black hole is so strong that nothing can practically escape from it – not even light particles

  • The life span of a satellite is typically 10-15 years.

  • Life support system on space stations provide oxygen from storage gas bottles. There are various methods by which oxygen is regenerated as well. By electrolysis of water oxygen can be generated and so with many other form of chemical processes.

  • Yes, contrary to many conspiracy theories floating around, humans have indeed landed on the moon between 1969 and 1972. All arguments otherwise have been exposed and debunked countless times

  • Rockets, as you know are used to take satellites to orbit through predefined path called trajectories. To control a rocket is to make it follow its path against both internal and external disturbing forces. To do the same, we must first know the rocket’s present position at that instant of time. Sensors help us in determining the current position and attitude of the rocket and thereby its deviation from the expected path, if any. This error must be corrected by using various actuators. They control the direction of the rocket by controlling the direction of thrust developed by the rocket engine

  • If a rocket goes out of control, all efforts will be done using actuators to bring it back to its regular path. If all other option fails, the rockets can be remotely command to destroy itself using explosive systems specially provided for the purpose.

  • The fuel and oxidizer combination in rockets have to be highly energy rich and should give out high temperature gases at very high rate. Conventional fuels like gasoline are not just powerful enough for efficient use in rocket engines

  • The activities connected with assembly and launch of a rocket is generally listed down in detail with respect to time. For such activities the clock is counted backwards. The lift off event is marked at T=0 and the other activities are sequenced with respect to that. For example, if the propellant filling is started 24 hours before lift off, it is designated as T minus 24 hours and so on. The last seconds upto the lift off generally read out aloud and represents the most exciting time period and a befitting build up to the lift off.

  • Modern rockets are very complex and often may contain lakhs of components. The entire systems may take years to fabricate, build and assemble. Once all major hardware and software are available, the final integration of the rocket may typically take between 1-2 months

  • The tile like elements which seem to fall during PSLV launch are nothing but the thermal protection pads intentionally discarded. The second stage of PSLV uses propellants which have to be insulated from external heat during launch pad operations. Hence it is protected during that time. However, this becomes an unnecessary dead weight after this phase. Hence it is jettisoned immediately after liftoff

  • The international space station (ISS) is a joint venture of five space agencies. The individual modules are built by the respective organisations, launched from different launch pads and then assembled in space. As on date, there are 14 major modules in ISS. The first module of ISS was Zarya, of the Russian Space agency and was launched in 1998 by a Proton rocket.

  • As per the latest scientific observations and studies, the earth is almost four and a half billion years old. The first primitive form of life started appearing within the first billion years or so.

  • Just like automobiles are desired to travel on different lanes in a road, satellite orbits are also selected so as to avoid any close encounter. These have to be approved by appropriate International authorities as well.

  • Yes and it is a real threat. This is addressed by constant monitoring of spece debris and their path. There are catalogues which track anyorbiting objects larger than 10cm diameter. The orbits of these objects are predicted and their possibility of collision with any other useful space object is estimated. For critical objects like the ISS and serving satellites, evaluations are constantly made to assess if there is any orbiting object in their vicinity. Once it is found to be any risk of collision, then the orbit of the ISS/serving satellites is adjusted to avoid collision

  • As the name suggests, space shuttle, was used to ‘shuttle’ or move to and fro from orbit to ground and vice versa. The orbiter of the space shuttle system was reusable and hence can repeatedly carry astronauts and supplies from earth to orbit and back. Whereas, rockets are mostly staged vehicles which expend their used stages and hence are one way – to orbit and cannot be reused to bring spacecrafts/people from orbit to earth. However, there are rockets now such as falcon which reuse the initial stages. The space shuttle fleet was retired in 2011.

  • A number of rockets have been used to send humans to space. The rocket which was used to send Yuri Gagarin to orbit was called R-7 “Semyorka”- Vostok. Atlas was used by Americans for their early human spaceflight missions. Saturn 1B and Titan were also used by USA in the sixties and seventies. The apollo missions which carried humans to moon used the gigantic Saturn V Rockets. Soyuz rocket remained the mainstay of Soviet and later Russian human spaceflight missions. China uses long march rockets and quite recently Falcon 9 by SpacEX is used for ferrying astronauts to ISS.

  • A main function of the rocket is to carry satellites and place it in orbit. A satellite can remain in orbit only if maintains a fixed velocity, approximately equal to 7.8Km/s for a low earth orbit. Hence the rocket must be able to provide 7.8Km/s. However, for rockets that go beyond earth orbit, it must achieve escape velocity of 11.8 Km/s. Thus the mission of the rocket is adjusted so that the required velocity can be achieved.

  • As on today, rockets are the only mode of putting satellites into orbit. Many concepts such as space elevators, laser and electro magnetic propulsion, space guns etc. are discussed but none of them have been demonstrated

Famous Quotes Of Scientist

APJ Abdul Kalam

Scientist

Failure will never overtake me if my definition to succeed is strong enough.

Vikram Sarabhai

Scientist

There are some who question the relevance of space activities in a developing nation. To us, there is no ambiguity of purpose. We do not have the fantasy of competing with the economically advanced nations in the exploration of the moon or the planets or manned space-flight. But we are convinced that if we are to play a meaningful role nationally, and in the community of nations, we must be second to none in the application of advanced technologies to the real problems of man and society.

Jayant Narlikar

Scientist

We all know that sun rises in the east and sets in the west, and earth spins on its axis from west to east. But on that day my jet plan was at 60 degree latitude near Greenland and the plane exceeded the speed of rotation of the earth on its axis so the sun was found moving from west towards east.

Srinivasa Ramanujan

Scientist

An equation means nothing to me unless it expresses a thought of god.

CV Raman

Scientist

I would like to tell the young men and women before me not to lose hope and courage. Success can only come to you by courageous devotion to the task lying in front of you.

Educational Training Programme

Education and Training in space science and technology is an integral part of the Indian Space Programme. Following are the major efforts by Department of Space (DOS) towards Human Resources Development in the area of space science and technology.

IIST

  • Towards capacity building, DOS has established an Institute, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST) to meet the growing demands of the Indian Space Programme. The institute offers, Bachelors degree in Space Technology with specialisation in Avionics, Aerospace Engineering and Physical Sciences.

IIRS

  • The Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS) under National Remote Sensing Centre, is a premier training and educational institute set up for developing trained professional in the field of Remote Sensing, Geoinformatics and GPS Technology for Natural Resources and Disaster Management. IIRS has trained thousands of scientists.

CSSTEAP

  • In the wake of the need for regional self-reliance and self-sustenance in Space science and technology, CSSTEAP came into existence in 1995 at Dehradun in India, under affiliation to the United Nations and supported by DOS.

NNRMS

  • Apart from these, National Natural Resources Management System (NNRMS) supports conduct of multi-theme and multi-level training programme / awareness workshops by training personnel from different line departments, selected State Remote Sensing Application Centres and ISRO / DOS Centres.